In 2002 OIG Senior Counsel Monte Fisher "coordinated action with DOJ" to shut down the author Francis K. Fong's predecessor homepage for NSFfunding.com. This coordinated action was apparently a manifestation of the internal struggle within the National Science Foundation and its OIG to correct the historical development that shaped the worldwide acceptance of the Calvin cycle as the carbon cycle in photosynthesis. The Calvin cycle, in fact, does not exist, according to the published findings by Melvin Calvin and his co-workers at Berkeley, later affirmed by the work of the author Francis K. Fong and his co-workers at Purdue and NSFfunding.com.
Ramnants of Fisher's "coordinated action with DOJ" and other persons were witnessed earlier on this blog. See, in particular, the comment on Fong's 4-25-10 post by Larry Orr of the ASU (Arizona State University) Photosynthesis Center. Up to and including 11-8-10, the date of this posting, this Official Calvin Cycle Website is identical to the webpage appearing at the URL, http://www.nsffunding.com. It is anticipated that this latter webpage will see further renovation, pending Purdue's response to the Two-Pronged Question originally designed by the OIG, which appears below. The existence of two exact copies of the same work prevents, or at least renders more difficult, any invasive action. Also, here in this format, there exists an additional desirable feature: The readers have the means to contribute in the comment box below, should they wish to address the important issues.
Arts and Sciences
The Calvin Cycle
Richard A. Posner
The Moody Action
In the fall of 1989, the NSF OIG (Office of Inspector General) found for the author Francis K. Fong's discovery of the Calvin cycle as a fraud. On Nov. 3, 1989, NSF Division Director Bruce Umminger (Cellular Bioscience) issued forewarnings of the murder of Don MacLauchlan, sponsor for Fong's NSF proposal, No. DCB 8822928. At MacLauchlan's behest, State Director Keith Luse (Lugar) committed, on Oct. 30, 1989, a GAO review on the $48,903.81 from Treasury used to further the Calvin cycle. MacLauchlan had personal knowledge of the Seventh Circuit's (Richard A. Posner) theft of the $48,903.81.
In 1959, the author Francis K. Fong discovered the Calvin cycle, the carbon cycle in photosynthesis, or dark photosynthetic reactions. It took him more than half a century to solve it. The discovery required a background in undergraduate chemistry. The solution took a good deal of persistence, or perhaps luck, in meeting the right person at the right time. This work consists of two parts, A and B. In A Fong maps the scope of his discovery of the Calvin cycle as an imperishable fraud. In B he recounts the 10-year program, or experimental procedure, for solving the Calvin cycle as a murder mystery. It is shown that personnel at the highest management ranks of the National Science Board (NBS), National Science Foundation (NSF) and the NSF Office of Inspector General (OIG) have, since 1989, assisted Fong in their independent procedure for arriving at the same results Fong reports on this, the official Calvin Cycle Website.
On this site, the author reports Purdue University President France A. Cordova's finding, in partial performance of an agreement dating back to August 22, 1984, involving the author and Steven C. Beering, former President of Purdue University and Chairman of the National Science Board. Cordova's finding, in addition, was perfected in her role as a member of the NSB to make this, the Official Calvin Cycle Website.
A. Mapping Scope of Fong's discovery: Calvin cycle, Carbon Cycle in Photosynthesis
I. Calvin Cycle, the Fraud
"[W]e now know what the photosynthetic carbon cycle is, and it has been carried out, I can tell you now, in its entirety in the absence of living materials or formed parts of living cells. It has been carried out by a separate collection of soluble chemicals so that we are quite sure what it is, and now we can talk about it with a high degree of confidence." 1955, Melvin Calvin, claiming his having carried out the dark photosynthetic carbon cycle, later known as the Calvin cycle, for which he accepted the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. See, Banner Image, J. Chem. Soc., 1956, 1895-1915.
"The Seventh Circuit has deep roots in its connection to the Chicago Mafia I reported as consultant to Lyndon Johnson's Commission (on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice). Worse, the Seventh Circuit judges, led by Richard Posner, are not only corrupt; they are smart, very smart. If I were to get involved, I'd be like you, spending the rest of my life on this. I'd advise you to petition the Nobel Committee to have Calvin's Nobel Prize revoked. It's easier that way." 1990, G. Robert Blakey, Fong's personal lawyer, drafter of the RICO Act, Professor of Law, University of Notre Dame, on the Calvin cycle, NSF's imperishable fraud.
"I lose sleep at night for making that verdict. The MacLauchlan shooting death was not an accident." 1990, Martin Avolt, Tippecanoe County Coroner, on the MacLauchlan killing. "The accident verdict by Avolt is not to be believed." 1992, sworn testimony by Tippecanoe County prosecuting attorney John Meyers, on Avolt's accident verdict on the MacLauchlan killing.
"It's very complicated." December, 2003, U.S. District Judge Joseph Van Bokkelen, formerly attorney for PCDF (Purdue-Calumet Development Foundation) Director Jay Given, on the murder of Given upon Van Bokkelen's service of subpoenas for disclosing Given's $5,000 bribe payment to U.S. District Judge James T. Moody, N.D.Ind., to steal the $48,903.81.
"I just noticed that I had missed typing a negative '-' sign before 'n' [Delta G (Free energy) = -nF Delta E]. I am sure everyone would have figured it out that it was a typo." February 10, 2010, Goindjee, leading dark photosynthesist, author and editor of "more than 78 books on the subject," who used "EMF's at pH7" rather than electron volts as units for his alleged photons for the "Z-scheme light reactions," struggling with a freshman-chemistry-level free energy definition of the EMF.
"Frank, everybody knows that 'the author Francis K. Fong' did not discover the Calvin cycle!" October 2, 2010, Nick Winograd, Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, Penn State, upon reading the Calvin cycle "not with fraud in mind," as NSF explained.
Two documents were used to solve the Calvin cycle:
- NSF's explanation of its review of Proposal No. DCB 8822928 incorporated in a letter dated October 5, 1989, by Division Director (Cellular Bioscience) Bruce Umminger ("Umminger").
- The author's 1996 report to the IRS on the killing of Don MacLauchlan, vice-president of Carbon Reduction, sponsor for DCB 8822928.
By DCB 8822928 NSF was to evaluate its funding of research based on the Calvin cycle and unravel PEFCU's payment, in 1978, of the $48,903.81 from Treasury to NSF Deputy Director George Pimentel, then named to succeed Melvin Calvin as Director of the Berkeley Chemical Biodynamics Laboratory. NSF rejected DCB 8822928, and caused NSF Program Director (Cellular Biochemistry) James Siedow to explain the rejection in the terms of NSF's misreading Fong's discovery of the Calvin cycle.
DCB 8822928 was predicated on Fong's 1978 lecture at NSF on his discovery of the Calvin cycle, after his meeting with Calvin at Asilomar. In support of his request for NSF funding, Fong lectured to a group of NSF program directors on a solution to photosynthesis: Plants in sunlight split water in a single chlorophyll system, Fig. 1, to reduce carbon dioxide to sugar according to Calvin et al's non-cyclic reductive
reductive carboxylation reaction, later shown by Fong in the schematic representation, Fig. 2.
Pursuant to Fong's lecture, Pimentel redistributed the $48,903.81 to revenue officers and NSF OIG (Office of Inspector General) employees. Thereby NSF procured Reviewer No.8 to reject Fong's funding request for the water-splitting reaction. Reveiwer 1-7 recommended funding.
Cordova's finding prompted Fong to pose the two-pronged question for a proper response by Cordova, a test question originally raised by the OIG (Bennett). Upon NSF's (Siedow) explanation, Umminger at 3-5, for pursuing a "second-year undergraduate biochemistry level approach," Umminger read the original papers. Thereby NSF found that DCB 8822928 was correct: Calvin, with nothing more than Margerum's work of fiction, claimed his demonstration of the carbon cycle in photosynthesis. See, above cited quote by Melvin Calvin the fraud.
The first prong of the two-pronged question is, did NSF err in finding that Calvin won the Nobel Prize for the "photosynthetic carbon cycle" contrary to Calvin et al's finding of the light reaction, as summarized by Calvin, the scientist, in Calvin and Pon (1959) at 65-67, with nothing more than Margerum's work of fiction published in the July, 1955, issue of Chem. & Eng. News?
The seond of the two-pronged question is: Did Fong (Fig.2) correctly cite the original papers, in DCB 8822928, in which Calvin et al reported their finding of the light reaction in their decade-long C-14 tracer studies (for a bibliography of these studies, see, the Cordova's Finding post)?
The NSF OIG determined that the answer to the first prong of the question was "no," and that for the second "yes." The OIG thus established, in the fall of 1989, that the Calvin cycle, or the photosynthetic carbon cycle, was a fraud.
OIG's finding for Fong's discovery of the Calvin cycle is summarized by Purdue Chemistry Porfessor John Grutzner in a simple, but elegant, exposition of the "Fong-Butcher corrected" photosynthetic reductive system reported by Calvin and Pon (1955).
Schematic representation of OIG's finding for Fong's discovery of Calvin cycle. The Calvin cycle shown as observed in the dark is not a part of the "Fong-Butcher corrected" reductive system observed in the light. Calvin and Pon (1959) at Fig. 27 and Fig. 2 herein, Fong and Butcher (1988). See, also, letter dated 11-6-98 by Umminger.
This finding resulted in the murder of Don MacLauchlan, vice president of Carbon Reduction, sponsor for DCB 8822928.
By this murder was enabled the tax fraud for PRF (Purdue Research Foundation) not to pay tax as a venue for the for-profit businesses operated by the Purdue trustees and their associates -- influential politicians, the state and federal bench in Indiana, and executives of the state and federal taxing agencies and other executive departments. (See, Blakey, Hansen and Umminger quotes.)
Fong accordingly, with the blessings of the Clinton White House, developed a ten-year program to involve the state and federal taxing agencies as follows.
He incorporated the 1996 report addressed to the Internal Revenue Commissioner, Margaret Richardson, on the MacLauchlan contract hit in his and wife Margareta's 1995 Form 1040 joint return. The report focused on Senator Lugar's insiders trading of JPM Industries shares and the Indiana Supreme court's "Alternative Writ of Mandamus." The alternative writ directed the Tippecanoe Superior Court 2 to file a report on OIG Senior Counsel Monte Fisher's murder plot to cover up the revenue and OIG officers' bribe-taking from Pimentel's redistribution of the $48,903.81.
MacLauchlan's murder was the second of two contract hits ordered by the 7th Circuit to protect the court's theft
of the $48,903.81, according to Beering in a letter authenticated by the U.S. Attorney. In 1977, PCDF (Purdue-Calumet Development Foundation) Director Jay Given paid $5,000 to Judge James T. Moody for the theft from Treasury. In 1981, Given was murdered after his attorney, now federal judge Van Bokkelen, issued subpoenas to disclose the bribery scheme.
Fong's incorporation of the 1996 report in the Fongs' 1995 1040 joint return prompted OIG's coordinated action with DOJ (Tax) Chief Pat Mullarkey to remove it from IRS's administrative file. The removal triggered a Notice of Federal Tax Lien (NFTL), requiring Mullarkey to protect the 10-year statute and file, in March of 2008, the James T. Moody Action.
Contemporaneously, by prior arrangement between Fong and high IRS management ranks, Treasury amended the NFTL to delete Margareta's name from it. On January 14, 2008, Treasury restored the 1995 return to the administrative file. On April 16, 2008, Treasury released the ANFTL (Amended Notice of Federal Tax Lien) to render moot the Moody Action. Meanwhile, absent access to Treasury's records, an Indiana State revenue officer coached Cordova to use a cut-and-paste method to make up an RNFTL (Refiled Notice of Federal Tax Lien) with both Fongs' names on it. By the RNFTL, Cordova enabled Indiana Justice Frank Sullivan to certify, on July 10, 2009, a forged "Order Denying Petition for Writ" to supplant the Alternative Writ, accompanied by Busch's warning to all judges and lawyers in Indiana. The Tippecanoe Superior Court 2's filing a report on MacLauchlan's murder, in compliance with that writ, would wake up the otherwise dormant GAO review.
letter of March 3, 1986.
Instead, Beering ably assisted Fong in detecting Posner's simple plan for withdrawing the $48,903.81 from Treasury. As long ago as May 19, 1995, in a letter authenticated by the U.S. Attorney, he submitted before Fong the Two Posner Orders for enjoining Woodmar Realty Company and Fong from petitioning for the $48,903.81. With these orders, Posner transferred the Woodmar trust res from Treasury to a "John Doe Trust" then on deposit at the Mercantile National Bank in Hammond. Beering wrote that Posner received in excess of $250,000 for his work.
In view of the committed GAO review by Luse to address PEFCU's transfer for Pimentel's redistribution of the $48,903.81, Beering wrote in the May 19, 1995 letter, "Senator Lugar's commitment of the GAO review prompted Judge Posner to order the McLauchlan (sic) contract to eliminate your only live witness. To finish you off, he also ordered my submission of the shortened transcript ("PX 45A") to match the abbreviated PX 45 tape, thereby eliminating your remaining evidence. *** Later *** the Seventh Circuit entered an injunction order ["the Second Posner Order"] to keep you from petitioning for the [Woodmar's] surplus funds [the $48,903.81] as abandoned properties."
The Calvin cycle thus unravels: a vast, complex money-making scheme masterminded by Posner, a labyrinthine structure built out of the 7th Circuit's connection to the Chicago Mafia for stealing from Treasury, bribery and murder. Lugar staff's (Luse) commitment of the GAO review ran afoul of Lugar's connections to the Chicago Heights Mafia for insider trading of JPMI shares. The MacLauchlan killing was Posner's solution. But for the court's theft of the $48,903.81 from Treasury, and PEFCU's transfer thereof to NSF Deputy Director Pimentel for redistribution to revenue officers and NSF OIG employees, Fong's 1978 lecture at NSF could have signaled an end to the Calvin cycle.
But for Blakey's comment on the Calvin cycle's imperishability arising under the 7th Circuit's historical connection to the Big Tuna (Tony "Joe Batters" Accardo, successor Chicago Mafia Godfather to Al Capone), Fong would likely have changed the course of his life pursuit.
The 1996 report provides the terms of Fong's Code § 7623 contract with Treasury authorized by President Clinton. The contract was done through White House Personnel Director Bob Nash upon Fong's objection to John Deutch's nomination to head Central Intelligence. The Calvin cycle is before the GAO, the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, and the House Oversight Subcommittee. See, Hunt Submissions at 13, 22-24, 25, 77-79. In May of 2008, NSF FastLane Administration issued a letter of approval for NSFfunding.com's registration request. The IRS authorized Fong to submit an NSF workshop proposal to recover Treasury's losses under the statutory treble-damage provisions of the Federal False Claim Act, 31 USC §§ 3729-3733. Therefor, in 2009, NSF General Counsel Lawrence Rudolph relinquished NSF's URL, www.nsffunding.com.